Model-based Architecture for Multi-Sensor Fault Detection, Isolation and Accommodation in Natural-Gas Pipelines

Khadija Shaheen, Apoorva Chawla, Ferdinand Uilhoorn, Pierluigi Salvo Rossi

A significant quantity of sensors distributed throughout the natural gas pipeline is susceptible to errors. Timely diagnosis of sensor faults in such scenarios holds great significance in averting catastrophic failures. This article proposes a novel approach termed model-based multisensor fault detection, isolation, and accommodation (MM-SFDIA) technique to mitigate multiple sensor faults occurring simultaneously in large-scale distributed systems. The proposed approach leverages a distributed filtering framework, employing multiple local ensemble Kalman filters (EnKFs). Each individual local filter generates a distinct local state estimation using a distinct set of sensor measurements. By analyzing the differences among these local state estimates, a strategy based on state consistency, the faulty sensors are identified. Furthermore, an adaptive thresholding technique is devised to ensure resilient fault detection and identification. Compared with the existing state-of-the-art techniques, the proposed approach offers a lower computational burden and is applicable to high-dimensional nonlinear systems with numerous sensor faults. Moreover, the results affirm the effectiveness of the proposed architecture, demonstrating a high accuracy and low execution time in detecting and isolating multiple sensor faults.

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